Water is essential for human existence, indeed for life’s beginning. The deep circulation of water and other fluids (including melts) lubricates the deep-seated dynamics that keep Earth geologically alive, and its surface habitable. Several oceans’ worth of water may be present inside Earth, and the exchange of water and other fluids between the surface and the deep interior plays a crucial role in most Earth systems, including the evolution of the surface and the hydrosphere/atmosphere/biosphere.
Until recently, a real understanding of the workings of Earth’s deep plumbing system (from the surface to 3,000 km depth) has been tantalisingly out of our reach. Now, rapid advances in geophysics are producing stunning new images of physical properties such as seismic velocity and electrical conductivity in the deep Earth, but interpretation of these images requires new kinds of data on deep-Earth materials, and especially on the effects of deep fluids and their circulation. CCFS integrates previously disparate fields - geochemistry, petrophysics, geophysics and numerical and thermodynamic modelling - to reach a new level of understanding of Earth’s dynamics and its fluid cycles through time.
CCFS journal article "Cenozoic lithospheric architecture and metallogenesis in Southeastern Tibet" makes the Earth Science Reviews "most downloaded" list.Read the publication here.
Professor Sue O'Reilly has had a newly discovered mineral, oreillyite (Cr2N), named in her honour. The mineral was discovered in Corundum Xenocrysts from Mt Carmel, Northern Israel.
Read the publication here.
Congratulations to Professor Sue O'Reilly who was awarded the NSW Premier’s prize for “Excellence in Mathematics, Earth Sciences, Chemistry or Physics”
The NSW Premier’s prize is awarded by the NSW Government to celebrate the achievements of the State’s finest, seeking to “recognise excellence in science and engineering, and reward leading researchers for cutting-edge work that has generated economic, environmental, health, social or technological benefits for New South Wales.” View details here.
IN THE MEDIA - Associate Professor Craig O’Neill comments on the discovery of water on the moon. View the ABC science article here.
IN THE MEDIA - Associate Professor Craig O’Neill explains the interconnected reasons behind the renewed lunar push. View the article here.
IN THE MEDIA - CCFS paper finds what may be the 2 billion-year-old birthmarks of Earth’s first supercontinent in northern China View The Conversation article here.
CCFS publication published in Geostandards and Geoanalytical Research among the top 10% most downloaded papers!
Gain, S.E.M., Greau, Y., Henry, H., Belousova, E., Dainis, I., Griffin, W.L. and O'Reilly, S.Y. 2019. Mud Tank Zircon: Long-term evaluation of a reference material for U-Pb dating, Hf-isotope analysis and trace-element analysis. Geostandards and Geoanalysis, 43, 339-354. View the article here.
The IMA Commission on New Minerals, Nomenclature and Classification has chosen carmeltazite as its Mineral of the Year 2018. Carmeltazite was discovered in pockets of trapped melt in corundum xenocrysts from the Cretaceous Mt Carmel volcanics of northern Israel by CCFS’s Bill Griffin, Sarah Gain, Luca Bindi (Università degli Studi di Firenze, Italy), Vered Toledo (Shefa Yamim Ltd., Israel), Fernando Cámara (Università degli Studi di Milano, Italy), Martin Saunders (UWA) and Sue Y. O’Reilly. Read more about carmeltazite here.
Congratulations to CCFS's Bill Griffin who was made an Honorary Fellow of the Italian Society for Mineralogy and Petrology (SIMP), at their annual meeting in Parma in September. The award was given "in recognition of internationally relevant scientific and organizing contributions to the advancement of the Mineralogical Sciences and an invaluable support to strengthen the scientific relationships between the nominee’s country and Italy". (pictured with Piergiulio Cappelletti, President of SIMP).
Congratulations to CCFS's Bill Griffin, named 'Australia's Most Influential Researcher' in the field of Geochemistry and Mineralogy by The Australian 2019 Research Magazine. More here.
IN THE MEDIA - CCFS paper provides direct evidence of 3.5-billion-year-old microscopic life. View article here.
IN THE MEDIA - CCFS's Kate Selway talks to ABC's Robyn Williams about measuring the Earth's crust in Greenland... and avoiding Polar Bears! Listen here.
IN THE MEDIA - ABC NEWS - Professor Stephen Foley commented on a "Science" article using Helium 3/4 ratios in super deep diamonds to confirm the existence of a primordial reservoir. Read the article here.
Women in STEM Decadal Plan launched at Parliament House by the Minister for Industry, Science and Technology, Karen Andrews. Read more here.
Industry collaboration between Shefa Yamim and CCFS Team results in new mineral discovery. Read more here.
Congratulations to CCFS's Juan Carlos Afonso, who is the recipient of an IUGG Early Career Scientists Award. The award will be presented at the XXVII General Assembly of the IUGG, Montreal, Canada, July 2019.
The Australian Academy of Science (AAS) Decadal plan for Australian Geoscience prepared by the AAS National Committee for Earth Science, chaired by Sue O'Reilly, was successfully launched to significant media attention. See press release, photos and media links HERE.
Congratulations to CCFS's Yongjun Lu, who is the recipient of the SEG Waldemar Lindgren Award for 2018.
Dick Glenn (with co-authors Ian Fitzsimons, Bill Griffin and Ayesha Saeed) received The Stillwell Award - The best paper of the year as judged by the editorial board of the Geological Society of Australia. View the article here.
Kuznetsov, N.B., Romanyuk, T.V. and Belousova, E.A. 2021. A composite structure of the Bashkir Anticlinorium: Insights from detrital zircons search in Ordovician sandstones of the Uraltau Uplift, Southern Urals. special volume dedicated to Prof. P.S. Saklani ”Geological and Geo-Environmental Processes on Earth". Eds: A.K.Shandilya, V.K.Singh, S.C.Bhatt, C.S.Dubey (Eds.), Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd, 7-24, DOI:10.1007/978-981-16-4122-0_2. View the article here.
Chen, X., Levin, V. and Yuan, H. 2021. Small Shear Wave Splitting Delays Suggest Weak Anisotropy in Cratonic Mantle Lithosphere. Geophysical Journal International, 48, 16, 2021GL093861. View the article here.
Oliveira, B., Afonso, J.C. and Klöcking, M. 2021. Melting conditions and mantle source composition from probabilistic joint inversion of major and rare earth element concentrations. Geochemica et Cosmochemica Acta, 315, 251-275. View the article here.
Moghadam, H.S., Li, Q.L., Griffin, W.L., Chiaradia, M., Hoernle, K., O’Reilly, S.Y. and Esmaeili, R. 2021. The Middle-Late Cretaceous Zagros ophiolites, Iran: Linking of a 3000 km swath of subduction initiation fore-arc lithosphere from Troodos, Cyprus to Oman. GSA Bulletin, doi: https://doi.org/10.1130/B36041.1 View the article here.
Zheng, Y.-C., Shen, Y., Wang, L., Griffin, W.L., Hou, Z.-Q. 2021. Collision-related porphyry Cu deposits formed by input of ultrapotassic melts into the sulfide-rich lower crust. Terra Nova, 33, 6, 582-589. https://doi.org/10.1111/ter.12550 View the article here.
Delpech, G., Scott, J., Gregoire. M., Moine, B.N., Li, D-X, Liu, J-G., Mattielli, N., Pearson, G., van der Meer, Q., Waight, T.E., Michjon, G., Guillaume, D., O’Reilly, S.Y., Cottin, J-Y. and Giret, A. 2021. The subantarctic lithospheric mantle. Martin, A. P. and van der Wal, W. (eds) 2021. The Geochemistry and Geophysics of the Antarctic Mantle. Geological Society, London, Memoirs, 56. View the article here.
Foley, S.F. 2021. Redox melting in the mantle. In (eds R. Moretii and D Neuville) Magma Redox Geochemistry, AGU Geophysical Monograph Series, Washington, USA, Part 1, Ch 5. View Article
Li, X.L., Yu, J.-H., Jiang, D.-S., Griffin, W.L., Jiang, W. and Xu. H. 2021. Linking ocean subduction with early Paleozoic intracontinental orogeny in South China: insights from the Xiaying complex in eastern Guangxi Province. Lithos, 398-399, 106258. View Article
Pintér, Z., Foley, S.F., Yaxley, G.M., Rosenthal, A., Rapp, R.P., Lanati A.W. and Rushmer, T. 2021. Experimental investigation of the composition of incipient melts in upper mantle peridotites in the presence of CO2 and H2O. Lithos, 396-397, 106224. View Article
Dessai, A.G. and Griffin, W.L. 2021. Decratonization and Reactivation of the southern Indian Shield: An Integrated Perspective. Earth Science Reviews, 220, 103702. View Article
Loucks, R.R. 2021. Deep Entrapment of Buoyant Magmas by Orogenic Tectonic Stress: Its Role in Producing Continental Crust, Adakites, and Porphyry Copper Deposits. Earth-Science Reviews, 220, 103744. View Article
Griffin, W.L., Gain, S.E.M., Saunders, M., Cámara, F., Bindi, L., Spartà, D., Toledo, V. and O’Reilly, S.Y. 2021. Cr2O3 in Corundum: Ultra-high contents under reducing conditions. American Mineraligist, 106, 1420-1437. View Article
Consuma G., Aulbach S., Braga R., Martin L.A.J., Tropper P., Gerdes A. and Fiorentini M.L. 2021. Multi-stage sulfur and carbon mobility in fossil continental subduction zones: New insights from carbonate-bearing orogenic peridotites. Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta, 306, 143-170. View Article
Griffin, W.L., Gain, S.E.M., Saunders, M., Alard, O., Shaw, J., Toledo, V. and O’Reilly, S.Y. 2021. Nitrogen under super-reducing conditions: Ti oxynitride melts in xenolithic corundum aggregates from Mt Carmel (N. Israel) . Minerals, 11, art. no. 780. View ArticleChoi, E., Fiorentini, M., Giuliani, A., Foley, S., Maas, R. and Graham, S. 2021. Petrogenesis of Proterozoic alkaline ultramafic rocks in the Yilgarn Craton, Western Australia. Gondwana Research, 93, 197-217. View Article