Centre Context

Water is essential for human existence, indeed for life’s beginning. The deep circulation of water and other fluids (including melts) lubricates the deep-seated dynamics that keep Earth geologically alive, and its surface habitable. Several oceans’ worth of water may be present inside Earth, and the exchange of water and other fluids between the surface and the deep interior plays a crucial role in most Earth systems, including the evolution of the surface and the hydrosphere/atmosphere/biosphere.

Until recently, a real understanding of the workings of Earth’s deep plumbing system (from the surface to 3,000 km depth) has been tantalisingly out of our reach. Now, rapid advances in geophysics are producing stunning new images of physical properties such as seismic velocity and electrical conductivity in the deep Earth, but interpretation of these images requires new kinds of data on deep-Earth materials, and especially on the effects of deep fluids and their circulation. CCFS integrates previously disparate fields - geochemistry, petrophysics, geophysics and numerical and thermodynamic modelling - to reach a new level of understanding of Earth’s dynamics and its fluid cycles through time.





CCFS journal article "Cenozoic lithospheric architecture and metallogenesis in Southeastern Tibet" makes the Earth Science Reviews "most downloaded" list.

Read the publication here.

Professor Sue O'Reilly has had a newly discovered mineral, oreillyite (Cr2N), named in her honour. The mineral was discovered in Corundum Xenocrysts from Mt Carmel, Northern Israel.

Read the publication here.

Congratulations to Professor Sue O'Reilly who was awarded the NSW Premier’s prize for “Excellence in Mathematics, Earth Sciences, Chemistry or Physics”

The NSW Premier’s prize is awarded by the NSW Government to celebrate the achievements of the State’s finest, seeking to “recognise excellence in science and engineering, and reward leading researchers for cutting-edge work that has generated economic, environmental, health, social or technological benefits for New South Wales.” View details here.


IN THE MEDIA - Associate Professor Craig O’Neill comments on the discovery of water on the moon.   View the ABC science article here.

IN THE MEDIA - Associate Professor Craig O’Neill explains the interconnected reasons behind the renewed lunar push.   View the article here.

IN THE MEDIA - CCFS paper finds what may be the 2 billion-year-old birthmarks of Earth’s first supercontinent in northern China   View The Conversation article here.

CCFS publication published in Geostandards and Geoanalytical Research among the top 10% most downloaded papers!

Gain, S.E.M., Greau, Y., Henry, H., Belousova, E., Dainis, I., Griffin, W.L. and O'Reilly, S.Y. 2019. Mud Tank Zircon: Long-term evaluation of a reference material for U-Pb dating, Hf-isotope analysis and trace-element analysis. Geostandards and Geoanalysis, 43, 339-354.  View the article here.

The IMA Commission on New Minerals, Nomenclature and Classification has chosen carmeltazite as its Mineral of the Year 2018. Carmeltazite was discovered in pockets of trapped melt in corundum xenocrysts from the Cretaceous Mt Carmel volcanics of northern Israel by CCFS’s Bill Griffin, Sarah Gain, Luca Bindi (Università degli Studi di Firenze, Italy), Vered Toledo (Shefa Yamim Ltd., Israel), Fernando Cámara (Università degli Studi di Milano, Italy), Martin Saunders (UWA) and Sue Y. O’Reilly. Read more about carmeltazite here.

Congratulations to CCFS's Bill Griffin who was made an Honorary Fellow of the Italian Society for Mineralogy and Petrology (SIMP), at their annual meeting in Parma in September. The award was given "in recognition of internationally relevant scientific and organizing contributions to the advancement of the Mineralogical Sciences and an invaluable support to strengthen the scientific relationships between the nominee’s country and Italy". (pictured with Piergiulio Cappelletti, President of SIMP).

Congratulations to CCFS's Bill Griffin, named 'Australia's Most Influential Researcher' in the field of Geochemistry and Mineralogy by The Australian 2019 Research Magazine.   More here.

IN THE MEDIA - CCFS paper provides direct evidence of 3.5-billion-year-old microscopic life.   View article here.

IN THE MEDIA - CCFS's Kate Selway talks to ABC's Robyn Williams about measuring the Earth's crust in Greenland... and avoiding Polar Bears!   Listen here.

IN THE MEDIA - ABC NEWS - Professor Stephen Foley commented on a "Science" article using Helium 3/4 ratios in super deep diamonds to confirm the existence of a primordial reservoir. Read the article here.

Women in STEM Decadal Plan launched at Parliament House by the Minister for Industry, Science and Technology, Karen Andrews. Read more here.

Industry collaboration between Shefa Yamim and CCFS Team results in new mineral discovery. Read more here.

Congratulations to CCFS's Juan Carlos Afonso, who is the recipient of an IUGG Early Career Scientists Award. The award will be presented at the XXVII General Assembly of the IUGG, Montreal, Canada, July 2019.

The Australian Academy of Science (AAS) Decadal plan for Australian Geoscience prepared by the AAS National Committee for Earth Science, chaired by Sue O'Reilly, was successfully launched to significant media attention. See press release, photos and media links HERE.

Congratulations to CCFS's Yongjun Lu, who is the recipient of the SEG Waldemar Lindgren Award for 2018.

Congratulations to CCFS's Professor Stephen Foley, who was awarded the prestigious ARC Laureate Fellowship. Steve will give the 'GSA Ringwood Medal Lecture' Keynote at the upcoming AGCC Meeting.

Dick Glenn (with co-authors Ian Fitzsimons, Bill Griffin and Ayesha Saeed) received The Stillwell Award - The best paper of the year as judged by the editorial board of the Geological Society of Australia.  View the article here.

Goldschmidt Virtual 2020 was held on 21-26 June 2020. See abstracts here,



AGU Fall meeting, Online Everywhere, 1- 17 December 2020 See Conference page


Earth's Oldest Rocks: Edition 2. Martin J. van Kranendonk, Vickie Bennett, Elis Hoffmann (eds) October 5, 2018, Elsevier.

Foley, S. and O'Neill. 2021. Continents soldered from below. Nature News and Views View Article

Oliveira, B., Griffin, W.L., Gain, S.E.M. Saunders, M., Shaw, J., Toledo,V., Afonso, J.C. and O’Reilly, S.Y. 2021. Ti3+ in corundum traces crystal growth in a highly reduced magma. Scientific Reports 11, 2439.   View Article

Dessaia, A.G., Viegas, A. and Griffin, W.L. 2021. Thermal architecture of cratonic India and implications for decratonization of the Western Dharwar Craton: Evidence from mantle xenoliths in the Deccan Traps. Lithos, 382–383, 105927.   View Article

Li, Y., Santosh, M., Zhang, J., Yu, S., Peng, Y. 2021. Tracking a continental deep subduction and exhumation from granulitized kyanite eclogites in the South Altyn Tagh, northern Qinghai-Tibet Plateau, China. Lithos, 382–383, art. no. 105954.   View Article

Zhou, X., Zheng, J.-P., Li, Y.-B., Zhu, H., Griffin, W.L. and O'Reilly, S.Y. 2021. Melt migration and interaction in a dunite channel system within oceanic forearc mantle: The Yushigou harzburgite-dunite associations, North Qilian ophiolite (NW China). Journal of Petrology, agaa115.   View Article

Moghadam, H.S., Li, Q.L., Griffin, W.L., Stern, R.J., Santos, J.F., Lucci, F., Beyarslan, M., GhorbaniG., Ravankhah, A., Tilhac, R. and O’Reilly, S.Y. 2021. Prolonged Magmatism and Growth of the Iran-Anatolia Cadomian Continental Arc Segment in Northern Gondwana. Lithos, 384-385, Article number 105940.   View Article

Bo, X., Hou, Z.Q., Griffin, W.L., Zheng, Y.C., Wang, T., Guo, Z., Hou, J., Santosh, M. and O’Reilly, S.Y. 2021. Cenozoic lithospheric architecture and metallogenesis in Southeastern Tibet. Earth-Science Reviews, 214, 103472.   View Article

Bindi, L., Cámara, F., Gain, S.E.M., Griffin, W.L., Huang, J.-X., Saunders, M. and Toledo, V. 2021. Kishonite, VH2, and oreillyite, Cr2N, two new minerals from the corundum xenocrysts of Mt Carmel, Northern Israel. Minerals, 10, 1118, 1-10.   View Article

Milan, L.A., Belousova, E.A., Glen, R.A., Chapman, T., Kalmbach, Y., Fu, B. and Ashley, P.M. 2021. A New Reconstruction for Permian East Gondwana Based on Zircon Data From Ophiolite of the East Australian Great Serpentinite Belt. Geophysical Research Letters, 48, e2020GL090293.   View Article

Kirscher, U., Mitchell, R.N., Liu, Y., Nordsvan, A.R., Cox, G.M., Pisarevsky, S.A., Wang, C., Wu, L., Murphy, J.B., Li, Z.X. 2021. Paleomagnetic constraints on the duration of the Australia-Laurentia connection in the core of the Nuna supercontinent. Geology, 49, 174–179.   View Article

Van Kranendonk, M.J., Baumgartner, R., Djokic, T., Ota, T., Steller, L., Garbe, U. and Nakamura, E. 2021. Elements for the origin of life on land: a Deep-time perspective from the Pilbara Craton of Western Australia. Astrobiology, 21, 39-59.   View Article

Djokic, T., Van Kranendonk, M.J., Campbell, K.A., Havig, J., Walter, M.R., and Guidoa, D.M. 2021. A reconstructed subaerial hot spring field in the ~3.5 billion-year-old Dresser Formation, North Pole Dome, Pilbara Craton, Western Australia. Astrobiology, 21.   View Article

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