CCFS builds on a world-class infrastructure base, and multiplies the capabilities of three internationally recognised centres of research excellence: Macquarie University (lead institution), Curtin University and the University of Western Australia. The Geological Survey of Western Australia is a Partner Institution and researchers from Monash University and the University of New South Wales are formally affiliated. Five overseas nodes led by Partner Investigators in France, China, Canada, Germany and the USA are contributing resources and provide access to a wide variety of expertise and instrumental capabilities. CCFS incorporates several pre-existing centres within the Administering and Collaborating Institutions: the GEMOC Key Centre (http//www.gemoc.mq.edu.au/) at Macquarie University retains its structure and is fully incorporated within CCFS; the research and strategic activities of CET (Centre for Exploration Targeting; http://www.cet.edu.au/) at the University of Western Australia lie within CCFS; and the activities of TiGeR (http://tiger.curtin.edu.au/) at Curtin University are also aligned with CCFS.
There is active national collaboration with state Geological Surveys, Geoscience Australia (GA), CSIRO, the Australian National University (RSES), Newcastle University, the University of Sydney, the University of Wollongong, the University of Adelaide and several major industry collaborators (national and global), across a broad range of projects related to the CCFS strategic goals. A distinctive feature of CCFS is the high level of active international collaborations and reciprocal links (see the section on International links and Appendix 3 ).